➳ [Reading] ➶ Drawdown By Paul Hawken ➩ – Dailytradenews.co.uk


10 thoughts on “Drawdown

  1. says:

    This book is a framework not only how to stop global warming, but how to reduce carbon levels in the face of population growth and quality of life increases The author and research team synthesized primary research from thousands of studies and developed a ranked list of the most important actions the globe can take to combat climate change I ve included a one sentence summary of each solution in this review The book goes into far depth about the logic behind the rankings, how each solution works, how much carbon it saves, various pros and cons, and the required financial investment A key plus for many of these solutions is they offer benefits beyond carbon sequestration In addition to reducing sequestering carbon, the majority offer financial savings, increase industrial yields or efficiency, create jobs, and result in healthier people There are reasons to act on these beyond saving our environment The strength of this framework stems from interdependence One solution s weaknesses are balanced by the strengths of another It s a symbiotic ecosystem of recommendations a permaculture, not a monoculture, of ideas.I do worry that a book like this gives a false sense of optimism Implementing these policies will take incredible investments, coordination between governments, and massive behavior changes on the part of the individual Yes, there are personal steps one can take after reading this book, but they aren t steps anyone who pays attention to green issues won t have heard of before I m talking behavior changes on the scale of convincing entire populations to sustain massive tax increases to pay for the infrastructure you ll need behavior changes to convince millions of people around the globe to change habits fundamental to their life and culture Each individual solution will require innumerable persons across the globe dedicating their lives to implementing the chosen recommendation This is a brilliant framework for addressing climate change It is the product of years of synthesizing research on a mass scale, of running the mathematical calculations we needed to chart a way forward It is the starting point for a real how to guide for policy makers It is work no one else has done until this point But don t read it and think, oh, we ll be fine Technology will save us Read it and go start advocating for mass public transit Go vegetarian Start blathering to everyone you know Find international organizations working on these issues and start donating all you can Take the extra 45 minutes to walk to work Go to city council meetings and say, yes, we re willing to have wind turbines in our back yard This is a framework, but it isn t a framework to an easy way forward It s a framework for hard, hard work Thank goodness Hard work is what we re going to need.1 Refrigerant Management The HFCs found in refrigerators and AC have a 1000 to 9000 times higher capacity to warm the environment than carbon dioxide, and 90% of those emissions come when improperly disposed substituting in better materials, combined with proper disposals could cool the earth by up to 1 degree Fahrenheit.2 Wind Turbines Estimated to be the world s cheapest energy source by 2030, wind has the potential to cleanly meet nearly all the world s energy needs.3 Reduced Food Waste By reducing food waste through tightening supply chain logistics in low income countries and changing consumer habits in high income countries resources are saved across the food chain, from fertilizers to transport to energy needed to keep perishables cool.4 Plant Rich Diet Reducing meat consumption lowers methane emissions from cattle, reduces land use and the need to deforest additional land, eliminates fossil fuel heavy value streams for stock feed, lowers demand for water, and increases the health of populations.5 Tropical Forests Restore degraded tropical forests to make carbon sinks, protect watersheds, and offer resilient livelihood opportunities 6 Educating Girls Giving women access to education increases family planning, resilience to climate change, and offers one of the most cost competitive climate solutions, estimated at only 10 per ton of carbon dioxide reduction 7 Investment in Family Planning Increase women s autonomy to decide when and how many children they wish to have reduces the number of births, subsequently reducing global resource demand 8 Solar Farms Build massive solar farms that operate on the scale of entire utilities systems 9 Silvopasture Combine trees with cattle pasture to sequester carbon in both soil and woody growth, while increasing yields and bolstering both the cattle and the land s resilience to climate change.10 Rooftop Solar Install solar panels on buildings, allowing them to generate their own power.11 Regenerative Agriculture Utilize regenerative agricultural practices no till, planting cover crops, removing external nutrient inputs to heal soil, sequester carbon, increase nutrient and water retention for drought resistance, and increase production 12 Temperate Forests 1.4 billion of acres of land could be restored to temperature forest, adding even of an ecosystem that already acts as a carbon sink.13 Peatlands Conserve peatlands while they make up only 3% of the earth, only oceans store carbon 14 Tropical Staple Trees Shift land to growing perennial food products and diets to eating them , which have higher carbon sequestration rates and are resilient to extreme weather This solution is currently only viable in tropical regions 15 Afforestation Use afforestation planting trees where none have grown for at least 50 years to create new carbon sinks, particularly in degraded areas.16 Conservation Agriculture Similar to regenerative agriculture, but allowing use of fertilizers and pesticides, this solution has many of the same benefits on a slightly lesser scale but is simpler to rapidly adopt and may be easier to use on mass produced annual crops 17 Tree Intercropping Intercrop agricultural products with compatible trees or bushes, improving soil health, sequestering carbon, reducing the need for inputs, increasing outputs, and creating resilience to drought and wind 18 Geothermal Harness naturally occurring geothermal energy for power 19 Managed Grazing Managed grazing shifting cattle s grazing patterns to consider the health of the pastureland results in improved grasses and a healthier ecosystem, improves cattle health, and allows the soil to sequester carbon 20 Nuclear Continue utilizing indeed, expand nuclear power to replace coal Note The authors acknowledge the significant controversy surrounding this power source both safety and whether it s truly cost effective 21 Clean Cookstoves Forty percent of the world cooks on stoves which use fuels that release black carbon although short lived, it absorbs a million times energy than CO2 , meaning switching to stoves that use cleaner fuel rapidly slows warming in addition to improving health 22 See Wind Turbines 2 offshore turbines are 2223 Farmland Restoration Exhausted and thus abandoned farmland emits carbon, but if restored through regenerative farming practices or cultivation of native species, it actively removes carbon from the air and pulls it back into the soil while increasing land available for agriculture 24 Improved Rice Cultivation Adoption of an alternative method of rice production reduces methane emissions, sequesters carbon, reduces input requirements, results in resilient plants, and increases rice yield per acre.25 Concentrated Solar Use mirrors to further concentrate light in already intensely sunny areas to produce steam, which is cheaper to transmit than electricity and can be stored for high use times.26 Electric Vehicles Switch from fossil fuel powered engines to electric vehicles for both personal transportation and shipping fleets that run off energy generated by renewables, a task likely to made easier by an oncoming wave of battery innovation 27 District Heating Already well established in Europe, district heating manages heating and cool needs not at the structure level but the district level, using centralized coordination for maximum efficiency 28 Multistrata Agroforestry By mimicking the natural layout of the strata of a jungle canopy, multistrata agroforestry sequesters huge amounts of carbon while generating multiple valuable agricultural commodities with minimal inputs, even when using land already severely degraded.29 Wave and Tidal While still posing technical challenges, waves and tides can be harnessed for energy 30 Methane Digesters Use methane digesters to capture the methane emissions from organic waste agricultural, food waste, and excrement and use it for fuel, while also reducing the harmful emissions 31 Insulation Insulating buildings well would keep them cool in the summer and warm in the winter and stop energy loss currently, most structures lose over 50% of their energy to poor insulation 32 Ships Over 80% of global trade happens by sea, leading to huge carbon savings by improving fuel efficiency of ships 33 LED Lighting Switch to LED lights, which use 90% less energy yet produce the same light as a standard bulb in addition to lasting for years longer 34 Biomass Harness biomass as a bridge solution to provide energy as society shifts away from fossil fuels to truly renewable sources of energy 35 Bamboo Cultivate bamboo, which thrives on degraded lands, has economic uses, and sequesters carbon faster than nearly any other plant.36 Alternative Cement By mass, cement is the second most used substance in the world, and manufacturing one ton of produces at much carbon as burning 400 pounds of coal changing this process to incorporate waste byproducts from other industrial processes could reduce carbon emissions 37 Mass Transit Mass transit usage is expected to decline rather than grow as global wealth increases and people purchase personal vehicles, but ridership habits could be strengthened by utilizing strong design principles and interconnectivity of public transit systems, potentially preventing 6.6 tons of CO2 emissions from cars.38 Forest Protection Forest conservation offers a range of environmental and livelihood benefits, and while deforestation is estimated to produce 10 15% of the world s carbon emissions, stopping deforestation could offset 33% of emissions 39 Indigenous Peoples Land Management Indigenous people often find themselves on the front lines of environmental battles and managing natural resources in a way that benefits all, yet experience the highest impacts of climate change as such, it s crucial to secure their tenure on their own land 40 Trucks Major efficiency improvements in truck fleets are needed as incomes, and thus ground freight, continues to increase already consuming 25% of the fuel in the U.S., trucks are currently responsible for about 6% of all global emissions.41 Solar Water Store residential water in tanks heated by the sun, eliminating the need to use fossil fuels to heat water.42 Heat Pumps Replace the world s massively energy guzzling AC and heating systems with already existing heat pump technology 43 Airplanes With air traffic on the rise and airplanes a major carbon emitter, emerging efficiencies in plane design and fuels, as well as regulations around fuel efficiency, are crucial to reducing flight CO2 44 LED Commercial Lighting See 33 similar principles, but for commercial structures 45 Building Automation Building automation systems use sensors to automatically control a wide range of building factors, from air circulation to heat to identifying early maintenance problems, offering a host of efficiency savings.46 Water Saving Home A tight link between water and energy means lowering personal home water usage can save energy and relax pressure on local water sources and saving energy at home reduces water used by the local power plant.47 Bioplastic If the entire lifecycle of a bioplastic is considered when not recycled properly, or land is cleared to grow their source materials, they produce their own problems , bioplastics could replace current petro plastic that relies on cheap fossil fuels for production.48 In Stream Hydro Place in stream turbines into rivers to create energy these free standing structures create energy without flooding land for reservoirs and have only minimal impacts on wildlife 49 Cars Increase the number of electric and hybrid vehicles while their power sources get far better mileage, 97% of the world s car still contain only the standard internal combustion engine 50 Cogeneration Many energy processes are inefficient and create waste in the form of heat use cogeneration to capture the excess and harness as a heating source.51 Perennial Biomass Use perennial, rather than annual crops such as corn, to produce bioenergy.52 Coastal Wetlands Wetlands sequester enormous amounts of carbon destroying them allows carbon to escape, but through preservation and restoration, they actively capture emissions 53 See Improved Rice Cultivation, 24 drops to 53 if a slightly less efficient, but technically simpler, version is used.54 Walkable Cities Design cities to encourage walking instead of driving, considering not only distance but pedestrian safety and aesthetic appeal of the route 55 Household Recycling Recycling reduces the need for further resource extraction while simultaneously reducing the negative impacts of landfills, in addition to providing economic benefits and job opportunities stemming from value streams created by upcycling 56 Industrial Recycling The same effects as household recycling, extended to the industrial sector for industry, this includes the additional step of planning ahead for disposal of their product, rather than letting the costs of this question be borne by the public 57 Smart Thermostats Smart thermostats learn the heating preferences of occupants and automatically adjust temperature as necessary, keeping costs and energy use down and livability high 58 Landfill Methane Capture methane emissions produced by landfills to use as a clean fuel source 59 Bike Infrastructure Increase trips taken by bike rather than car using a broad array of investments and design tools to support ridership 60 Composting When biodegradable waste think food and lawn scraps degrades in landfills in the absence of oxygen, it produces methane diverting this waste for compost injects nutrients back into the soil, sequestering carbon and offering rich natural fertilizers 61 Smart Glass Smart glass can change its tint in response to environmental factors and adjust the amount of heat and light it lets into the building, reducing a structure s energy needs by up to 30%.62 Women Smallholders Giving women in the agricultural workforce equal access to land and financial resources would lead to increased food outputs, reducing the need to clear additional lands of forests to meet growing global nutritional needs 63 Telepresence Utilize rapidly improving telepresence technology for business and collaboration needs, drastically cutting down on travel 64 See methane digesters, 30 rank drops to 64 if only small digesters are used65 Nutrient Management Runoff and overuse of agricultural nitrogen and fertilizers causes a host of environmental problems improving proper management of application that reduce although not sequester carbon emissions as well as save farmers money.66 High Speed Rail Build high speed rail to support mass public transit for regional distances, while freeing up conventional rail for freight traffic.67 Farmland Irrigation Switch to sprinkler or drip irrigation, instead of flood irrigation, saving both water and energy 68 Waste to Energy Like biogas, this is a bridge solution incinerate waste to make energy and reduce methane landfill emissions while shifting to permanent renewable energy sources Note The authors list significant concerns with this solution 69 Electric Bikes Use electric bikes to bridge transportation gaps that are too far to walk but may be too short to financially justify public transit journeys that people currently take via higher emission cars 70 Recycled Paper Recycled paper products require less energy and less water than virgin paper, reduces deforestation, and provides jobs than landfill or incineration overall, recycled paper has a mere 1% of the impact of virgin paper 71 Water Distribution A huge cost of water is the energy required to pump it where it needs to go a systematic and widespread effort to reduce the huge amount lost through leaking infrastructure reduces energy and saves water for millions of additional people.72 Biochar Biochar is produced by baking biomass in near total lack of oxygen think purely organic waste burning under soil , leading to incredibly carbon rich soils this evolving technology can be practiced on both individual and industrial scale to recycle waste, sequester carbon, and greatly improve soil health 73 Green Roofs Cities measurably hotter than surrounding areas can lower temperatures by installing green roofs on buildings, which lower a site s energy needs as well as contribute to a pleasant urban environment with cleaner air.74 Trains Trains hugely efficient at transporting freight could be even efficient switch to electric trains powered by renewables, increase carrying capacity, and use aerodynamic designs 75 Ridehsaring Vastly underutilized in the U.S and Canada, ridesharing reduces emissions and pressure on infrastructure, saves commuters money, and can be facilitated with increasing ease as data facilitation between platforms becomes increasingly common 76 Micro Wind Install smaller scale wind turbines to charge batteries or power individual homes where larger wind farms aren t feasible.77 Grid Flexibility Energy Storage Develop highly flexible energy grids that can respond to changing usage requirements and energy sources throughout the day i.e a peak source at 4 p.m might drop to nothing at 7 p.m 78 Microgrids Most of the electrical networks are organized in massive macrogrids that draw on fossil fuels reorganize into smaller, resilient microgrids, allowing structures to tap into a diversity of smaller, renewable energy sources 79 Net Zero Buildings Design all buildings to be net zero energy that is, producing as much energy as they use.80 Retrofitting Retrofit already existing buildings with new green technologies like better lighting, appliances, and window insulation offer high energy savings.


  2. says:

    For those of you like me in despair about the state of the planet, here is a book that details dozens of things that we know can work to dial down carbon emissions and work toward reversing the current trend to destroy the environment The point is, we know many things about how to save the planet What we don t really know as of today 1 if it is not already too late, and 2 if there is the political will to combat the current capitalist political complex I was going to detail some of the great things both going on and ones also that are possible, near future, things in the works, but Kate does the long list here, thanks book is in large coffee table format, with too small print, but the project s essays are short and still pretty comprehensive, with lots of resources There are some crazy ideas that require too much tech infrastructure in the small window of time remaining, such as roads paved with solar panels, giant carbon sucking machines and nuclear fusion plants But idea generation for creative solutions are one thing we need, so I am not too critical of any of these As with other readers, I in particular like the focus on ecosystem restoration, educating girls, empowering women, but the central focus of the book is as it has to be on working together Period I guess I would say the thing that disappoints me is that it doesn t talk about economic political solutions, which is the biggest obstacle to our getting things done.The book includes a lot of resources, and charts to figure out what might happen with the optimum, the drawdown mama bear approach, and the minimal approach to all of these things.Here s a website for the project


  3. says:

    This book is a catalog of the hundred or so technologies that could potentially draw down the carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases from the atmosphere The book was written by a couple hundred expert researchers in all walks of life Each technology is very well presented, in a manner that is easy to understand by a non expert The book is very attractive, flush with color photographs appropriate for each topic covered.Each technology is rated in terms of the amount of carbon that could potentially be removed from the atmosphere, the net cost of the technology, and the net savings When these numbers are too speculative for an educated guess, that is mentioned The technologies are all ranked in terms of their potential for sequestering carbon Also, since some of the technologies are inter related, there is an effort made to prevent double counting the impact.Some of the technologies are well known to most people, while others are novel I was most interested in some of the agricultural topics Most surprising to me was silopasture This entails allowing animals mostly cattle, but other domesticated animals, also to feed in meadows with trees Silvopastures yield livestock per acre than grass pastures, and sequesters five to ten times carbon than treeless pastures A related technology is the managed grazing of pastures by cattle This technique vastly improves conditions of the pastures, protects organic matter, and the soil becomes porous and better able to absorb intense rainfalls As a result, herbicides, pesticides, fuel and fertilizers can be reduced, as well as veterinary costs And yet another agricultural technique is known as agro forestry, which is becoming widespread It is positively transforming the Sahel Desert.I was astounded by the statistic that there are 18,500 miles of high speed rails in the world But, only 28 of these rail miles are in the United States On the one hand, high speed rails are very expensive, and on the other hand, they actually do not reduce carbon emissions very much The emphasis in most of the book, is that these are practical, economical technologies ready to be implemented There are net savings from most of these technologies sequestering carbon can be cost effective and help the atmosphere, at the same time At the end of the book, there are a handful of future technologies that have not yet reached the stage of practicality, each of which has a bright potential for the future.While I read the book end to end, it is actually of a reference book a very fascinating reference book After reading the introductory sections, each topic is self contained and can be read in isolation without losing the meaning.


  4. says:

    Large glossy catalog of eighty policy actions and technologies with the end goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing carbon sequestration Presented with short essays, and often only a few statistics cost, savings, reduction of emissions These are subject to wide estimates, depending on degree of use, not even including how one technology would affect the other e.g cleaner concrete production in buildings or dams, for example.Well suited for a broader audience, especially those who have the time or the interest in carrying out one or of these proposals.


  5. says:

    This has some great stuff in it but unfortunately the most comprehensive plan includes a lot of really stupid crap About half of the book is a pretty good summary of real solutions and the other half is basically a bunch of crazy techno fixes On the good side are things like ecosystem restoration with particular emphasis on the importance of maintaining healthy oceans, peatlands and mangroves , agroecology, managed grazing systems, silvopasture, indigenous land management, lower methane emitting approaches to rice cultivation and ruminant raising, replacing cotton with hemp, educating girls, empowering women, etc The crazy techno stuff includes not only the typical electric cars, high speed rail, green cities, wind turbines, tidal energy, nuclear plants how anyone can still support these I have no idea and automated smart grids but also things like roads paved with solar panels, giant machines that suck carbon out of the air, vacuum tube trains and the possibility of nuclear fusion plants To be fair there are caveats for a lot of these solutions but they really shouldn t even be considerations at this point I know global industrial civilization can be less destructive, that if we d used the most efficient technologies and developed perfect recycling, stopped using planned obsolescence and shared things that we rarely use instead of all having our own possessions that sit idle 99% of the time then we could have gotten away with this for a pretty long time Ignoring the fact that manufacturing these technologies at even a much reduced scale would still depend on horribly unethical behavior, it could technically be a lot better than it currently is We re already on such thin ice though If you re going 200 miles per hour towards a cliff that s only a few miles away then it doesn t make much difference if you reduce your speed to 50 miles per hour Even 1 mile per hour in the same direction won t give you much time Techno fixes rely on too much infrastructure to ever be truly sustainable Therefore better isn t necessarily good enough What we really need is to wean ourselves off all this high tech crap by losing our dependence on it The low tech solutions, like diversifying farmland with perennial crops and different species of grazing animals, can create human habitats where people are able to get everything they need from close by and without machines And we re never going to see that happen without adopting degrowth economics producing and consuming less crap without people being impoverished by job losses, etc This book doesn t just leave out a discussion on how inherently unsustainable our economic system is, it actually promotes certain solutions BECAUSE they contribute to economic growth I can agree with some of the bridge solutions and regrets solutions that are brought up Clearly during a transition stage between the status quo and something sustainable we ll still be required to do some less than ideal things like typing angry rants on internet sites But there s a difference between things like properly disposing of HFC s from existing refrigerators and air conditioners and continuing to promote the manufacture of new refrigerators and air conditioners refrigerant management is listed as the number 1 solution A real solution for that problem long term would be to use drying or root cellars for food storage and maybe PASSIVE cooling for houses Cooling boxes can even be made with clay pots and sand, where evaporating water significantly cools down the contents without any power at all Also capturing methane from landfills makes sense since it causes damage if allowed to float away into the atmosphere but without addressing the growth imperative of our economic system it just becomes one thing that people depend on for their livelihoods rather than something that can be intentionally phased out Ignoring economic growth is just totally unforgivable for a book like this Part of me wants to give it a better rating for the good half at least It s actually kind of surprising that with so much techno utopian logic it doesn t promote GMOs, vertical urban farms with hydroponics and LED grow lights, tech based geoengineering schemes, etc I expect most people who read this book to just get excited by the wrong things though Let s face it, science fiction tends to be a little sexier than farm animals Overall, the good just can t make up for the bad.


  6. says:

    Drawdown focuses on not only responding to but also moving beyond climate change It offers a set of ranked plans Anyone who is inclined to give up in the face of climate change should read this book.A couple quick takeaways Reducing meat from one s diet 4 still seems to be a good idea My own experience has been that a meatless Monday is nearly impossible because upending my daily routine just once a week is very irritating Having said that, one meatless meal a day is doable and often leads to two It s not uncommon for people to dismiss all energy alternatives by dismissing one, but I kept thinking while reading this book that we should readily consider multifaceted approaches So instead of relying on just one of solar farms 8 , onshore wind 2 , etc., it s probably a good idea for many areas to rely on a variety of energy sources The 1 solution was, and I was surprised by this, refrigerant management Finally, I rarely encounter a dialogue on what to do with the carbon that we ve already released into the atmosphere, and this book explores solutions there as well.The book is clear and comprehensive, and it s easily organized as a reference guide that readers can return to I liked that it avoided war and combat metaphors I also liked that it was willing to consider regrettable solutions in addition to its no regrets solutions Finally, there s a website here


  7. says:

    Movements are dreams with feet and hands, hearts and voices Paul Hawken It s no secret that we humans are destroying our world But this book isn t really about that Rather, it s about what we can do as individuals and collectively to build a better society and a better world Drawdown refers to the reduction of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere by reducing current emissions and sequestering the carbon already up there through proven land and ocean practices The solutions in this book are well researched, the estimates are conservative, and the pros and cons are presented together One thing that really impresses me with this book is its optimism It views climate change as an opportunity to reexamine ourselves and our relationship with the environment, and it shows that we can do much better Often, the socially just thing to do is also the most economical, and, as this book demonstrates with painstaking research and concrete numbers, many of the solutions to climate change are profitable than continuing with current practices For example, you wouldn t know it from following our current politics, but people in the U.S., as of 2016, are currently employed by the solar industry than gas, coal, and oil combined And there are so many things that all of us can do For me, this book was also an education on the scope of the problem itself For example, I had no idea that food production and food waste were such major contributors to the accumulation of greenhouse gases But they are, and this information is empowering, because it means that I and everyone can take action immediately As individuals, we can all reduce our food waste, eat a little less meat, ride public transit a little , stop using fertilizers on our lawns, install a smart thermostat, and reuse things just a little longer before tossing them in the trash And as a society, there is even Almost everything humans do consumes energy, materials, or some other resource from our environment and that means opportunity to improve Energy and transportation are important, but there are so many other sectors that can implement solutions Farmers can use sustainable practices, builders can design smarter buildings, scientists can create efficient materials, and on and on As some reviewers have noted, this book doesn t address how to implement these solutions in a political climate harshly opposed to change But I think that telling you who to vote for or how to get a bill through congress is beyond the scope This book gives us the most important tool of all for change information And, like so many of the solutions presented within, it is itself is a living thing All of the analyses are updated and expounded upon at www.drawdown.org, where you can also give your email address to get on their newsletter Paul Hawken s essay toward the end talks about building a movement, and I for one am on board.


  8. says:

    To be very honest, I only skimmed this book There are interesting tidbits galore here But glancing over it, I said to myself, let s see what they have to say about carbon fee and dividend, or cap and trade, border adjustment, or whatever economic pricing schemes they may prefer as a means of actually getting people to DO something to reduce their carbon footprints It was not there Nowhere in this book do I find any mention of real world methods that would actually compel humans through the laws of supply and demand to change their way of life in a way that would prevent their grandchildren from living in a diminished world With all due respect, dear authors that is to say, zero respect we already know what the problem is and some of the potential solutions But people have been writing books with pretty pictures on this topic for 30 years and nothing has changed Here is yet another work that assumes all we need is to understand that climate change is a problem and that there are ways to make it smaller and we will instantly jump to it Nothing good has happened in those 30 years why Because climate change is not a science problem, it is an economic problem It requires good intentions to connect with economic methods to reward survival and penalize unsustainable ways of life in the same way that the smoking problem in the United States was largely solved through cigarette pricing if you are tempted to buy this book, save your money


  9. says:

    You cannot save the planet with just a carbon tax The math of climate change screams that at you Even if you were able to wipe out 27 trillion in fossil fuel assets, there s already too much carbon in the air We have created a peak carbon dioxide parts per million that humanity has never seen since we diverged from Chimps We have to as the title suggests drawdown the very carbon in the atmosphere.And yet, the possible solutions are all very politicized, at least in the United States District heating and insulation regulations Who cares if it decreases my heating bill, ain t no way the filthy liberal, commies are going to touch my air Reduced food waste Eating plants God gave me those animals to eat and throw away as I see fit ain t you read a Bibble There are ultimately two types of solutions 1 decreasing eliminating carbon output, or 2 pulling out carbon from the air Of the former, there are three subtypes 1.a become energy efficient, 1.b replace carbon based energy with a non carbon based energy and 1.c forgo a carbon luxury The solutions the book comes up with are, in general, wonderful Any reasonable person would look at them and think, Oh yeah, of course A three pronged approach by the government would easily force society to reorganize itself around these lines You start with 1 a carbon tax to punish energy inefficiency, force people to give up carbon luxuries and replace their carbon energy systems You then 2 create a trust or government organization that the government partially funds with the carbon tax and 3 a strong, robust regulatory authority that is able to measure, collect, and analyze the carbon production of companies and other countries.But the seeming reasonableness of these three over arching solutions ignores the point large sections of the population hate them on a moral level Regulatory agency Tax Government trust These are ideological non starters However, without them, there are no other solutions Silviopasture is the 9 solution The tl dr of it is put cows into forests But guess what That costs money, and that cost is going to be baked into each pound of beef that the silviopasture produces Then you have to figure into the fact that the entire world simply can t be turned into a cow forest People will have to eat less meat, which they ll do because why Each solution presented is ultimately the same there is no reason for mass adoption which is necessary for the solution to work unless there is an external force to incentivize adoption And, given that the market will only begin reacting to most of these forces when it is too late, there has to be an incentive force which we ve already found to be politically blocked off.Sure, some of the ideas are hazier and less market based educate women give birth control to the developing world That doesn t save them from the toxic cloud of ideology that hangs over this whole situation though.That s why Drawdown ultimately failed to be the great hope it was painted as It s not so much a comprehensive plan as it is an assembly of ideas that would get implemented by the market in reaction to an outside force punishing it Each idea is presented in a very simple way A 2 3 page description of the solution and its carbon savings, net dollar cost and net dollar savings but nothing about it necessarily scream, This solution will work and pan out except for the solutions that were agreed upon before 2016 This assembly of ideas does have hope It does have the nuggets of hope It says what we ve always known We can fix this It is possible But it doesn t give us any hope at all that it is probable.


  10. says:

    This is the first time I have felt positively about our ability to stop climate change The solutions presented in this book are feasible and clearly explained I found several things I could implement myself, like switching to LED light bulbs, and I am looking for ways to support some of their larger scale approaches.


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Drawdown summary pdf Drawdown , summary chapter 2 Drawdown , sparknotes Drawdown , Drawdown 27bad3b New York Times Bestseller The Most Substantive Solutions To Reverse Global Warming, Based On Meticulous Research By Leading Scientists And Policymakers Around The World At This Point In Time, The Drawdown Book Is Exactly What Is Needed A Credible, Conservative Solution By Solution Narrative That We Can Do It Reading It Is An Effective Inoculation Against The Widespread Perception Of Doom That Humanity Cannot And Will Not Solve The Climate Crisis Reported By Effects Include Increased Determination And A Sense Of Grounded Hope Per Espen Stoknes, Author, What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming There S Been No Real Way For Ordinary People To Get An Understanding Of What They Can Do And What Impact It Can Have There Remains No Single, Comprehensive, Reliable Compendium Of Carbon Reduction Solutions Across Sectors At Least Until Now The Public Is Hungry For This Kind Of Practical Wisdom David Roberts, Vox This Is The Ideal Environmental Sciences Textbook Only It Is Too Interesting And Inspiring To Be Called A Textbook Peter Kareiva, Director Of The Institute Of The Environment And Sustainability, UCLAIn The Face Of Widespread Fear And Apathy, An International Coalition Of Researchers, Professionals, And Scientists Have Come Together To Offer A Set Of Realistic And Bold Solutions To Climate Change One Hundred Techniques And Practices Are Described Here Some Are Well Known Some You May Have Never Heard Of They Range From Clean Energy To Educating Girls In Lower Income Countries To Land Use Practices That Pull Carbon Out Of The Air The Solutions Exist, Are Economically Viable, And Communities Throughout The World Are Currently Enacting Them With Skill And Determination If Deployed Collectively On A Global Scale Over The Next Thirty Years, They Represent A Credible Path Forward, Not Just To Slow The Earth S Warming But To Reach Drawdown, That Point In Time When Greenhouse Gases In The Atmosphere Peak And Begin To Decline These Measures Promise Cascading Benefits To Human Health, Security, Prosperity, And Well Being Giving Us Every Reason To See This Planetary Crisis As An Opportunity To Create A Just And Livable World

  • Paperback
  • 256 pages
  • Drawdown
  • Paul Hawken
  • 04 May 2019
  • 9780143130444

About the Author: Paul Hawken

Paul Hawken is the co founder of several businesses, and lives in Sausalito, California.