★ [PDF / Epub] ☄ The Civil War: A Narrative (Volume 2, Fredericksburg to Meridian) By Shelby Foote ✪ – Dailytradenews.co.uk

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10 thoughts on “The Civil War: A Narrative (Volume 2, Fredericksburg to Meridian)

  1. says:

    This second in Foote s trilogy of the war is a vast doorway into the stories of a myriad of people managing and perpetrating the American Civil War for most of the year 1863 Starting with Robert E Lee s Confederate successes in Virginia against Ambrose Burnside in Fredericksburg Dec 1862 and against Joe Hooker at Chancellorville in the Spring, the year proceeds toward a major turning of tables with Meade s victory over Lee at Gettysburg in Pennsylvania and U.S Grant s final taking of Vicksburg on the Mississippi after seven failed attempts, both in July Then in the Fall, much fighting in and around Tennessee leads to a Confederate comeback at Chickamauga in northern Georgia, where Braxton Bragg defeated William Rosecrans But Lincoln s placement of Grant at the head of all western forces puts an end to their momentum, as the Union is finally able to drive Bragg s forces from the ridge where they had long besieged Chattanooga on the Tennessee River.As a master of narrative history he harnesses his novelist skills to paint the stories behind these and other campaigns like little stage plays full of atmosphere and realistic detail, especially in the area of the personalities and motivations of the actors These actors are mostly the generals and admirals, but also the commanders and ship captains, and, behind the scenes, the cabinets and presidents of North and South, Lincoln and Davis Foote s facility at fleshing out the action owes a lot to his ability to marshal an array of quotes and examples from journalism, memoirs, letters, and official records without disrupting his narrative flow If you had a chance to hear his delivery by a warm and genteel Southern speech on Ken Burn s Civil War , you will know what I mean The kind of voice present in his writing made my choice to experience the book on audio work well though I had to resort to Wiki maps of certain battles No lifting of the doorstopper hardback or swiping pages forever in an e book version, but instead I experienced a couple weeks of submersive listening on my commuting trips along the shores of my rural Maine location Each day another battle and geography now Virginia, later Mississippi or a succession of political or planning crises in the Union and Confederate governments I didn t want the narrative to end, and in a sense it won t until I imbibe the third volume Why read such an involved book Somehow the details matter to me To delve into the details is to encounter brilliant feats of accomplishment and courage on the same stage with acts of brutality, incompetence, and human weakness I do appreciate the attitude behind I ain t going to study war no And it is shameful that America had to resort to such a horrible slaughter, including up 700 thousand plus direct deaths alone and a multiple of that for direct and indirect casualties from injury, infection, and disease An understanding of why and how people fought the war makes me realize it wasn t a senseless effort by the participants Compared to the North s goal of preserving the Union, the Confederates had motivation to fight, initially harking to the attitude of the Founding Fathers over their right to independence from the Brits Later, once invaded, it was easy for them to see the war as part of the struggle for existence State rights and property issues surrounding slavery were not the primary drive behind taking up arms, although the dirty truth that it all was about slavery is hard for me to relinquish In that vein I was surprised to learn how many sectors in the North were in favor of either saying goodbye and good riddance to the Rebel states or negotiating a return of South to the fold with retention of slavery favored by the Copperhead Democrats On the other shoe, even Jefferson Davis believed that slavery was doomed in the long run, but when one general formulated a written proposal of emancipating the slaves and enlisting in Confederate army the goal of maintaining unity of purpose led him to suppress the idea so completely its existence wasn t unearthed for 30 years.I love the sense in this history of how military successes and failures depended on the personality and character of the commanders For every brilliant top general like Grant and Lee there were duds like Rosecrans and Bragg The cavalry stars are a particularly colorful lot, with Confederates like Stonewall Jackson, Nathan Bedford Forrest, Earl Van Dorn, and J.E.B Stuart particularly fun to behold wreaking havoc on the supplies and railroads behind the Union lines or making a surprising strike in a battle where they were least expected Because of the proximity to my Oklahoma origins and a role of one of my ancestors, I especially appreciated reading in this history about the marauding raid of General Jo Shelby from Arkansas through Missouri that involved leading 600 men over 1500 miles in 41 days destroying railroads and bridges, capturing horses, wagon trains, and men, all the while picking up 800 recruits along the way He made his escape by punching through Union forces five times his number and ended up with 150 casualties compared to the 600 inflicted on the Federals I am not so enad with how he later refused to surrender at the end of the war and ended up taking his Texans to Mexico where he established a Confederacy in exile and foolishly served as a mercenary with Napolean s colonialist government against Juarez I also have a particular fascination with the role of Ironclad ships in the conflicts along the rivers and assaults on ports like Charleston War begets such creative innovation in terrible technologies Despite the role of technology, so many battles turned on old fashioned human elements of deception, subterfuge, and surprise I also appreciated how ordinary people, like the Maine college professor Joshua Chamberlain, transformed themselves to do the impossible, in his case shape a militia into an effective fighting force which could pull off an important bayonet charge up Little Round Top at Gettysburg The section on Gettysburg was so good, Foote made it a separate book well worth reading on its own Stars in Their Courses The Gettysburg Campaign, June July 1863.Foote doesn t spend a lot of time assessing the economics behind the war or delving closely into slavery as an institution He has been accused of furthering the mythos known as the Lost Cause , a view of history used to ennoble and justify the Southern stance in the war by minimizing the impact of slavery and cast its heroes as saints I don t see it that way He obviously sees Forrest, Jackson, and Lee as geniuses in strategy and respects their integrity, but it comes through how much he admires Grant and Lincoln Foote s apt way of rendering a picture of leading figures is worthy of some extended examples Here he speaks of the limits of Lincoln s resiliency following a section about how he could handle continual attacks in the press or Congress for being a clod or tyrant, clown or monster It sometimes seemed to him that each recovery from gloom was made at the cost of future resiliency Nothing touches the tired spot he had confessed the year before, and lately he had come back to this expression Returning from a horseback ride that seemed to lift his spirits, he was urged by a companion to find time for rest and relaxation Rest he said He shook his head, as if the word was unfamiliar I don t know I suppose it is good for the body But the tired part is inside, out of reach It helps a lot the way he can invest a figure with descriptions that help you hold them in your mind, as here on William Tecumseh Sherman Sherman did not wait until morning Impatient as always, he rode straight over, a tall red haired man with a fidgety manner, concave temples, glittering hazel eyes, and a scraggly, close cropped beard I never saw him but I thought of Lazarus, one observer was to write A chain smoker who, according to another witness, got through each cigar as if it was a duty to be finished in the shortest possible time On Grant, Foote tried hard to capture how his no nonsense ways free of superfluous flummery inspired a kind of familiar reverence in his men despite his appearance of a burly beef contractor and impression if a man who could be silent in several languages ..a slight man, rather stooped, five foot eight inches in height and weighing less than one hundred and forty pounds, who walked with a peculiar gait, shoulders hunched a little forward of perpendicular , as one observer remarked, so that each step seemed to arrest him momentarily in the act of pitching on his face Forty years old, he looked considerably older, partly because of the crow s feet crinkling the outer corners of his eyes the result of intense concentration, according to some, while others identified them as whiskey lines, plainly confirming rumors of overindulgence and refuting protestations of friends that he never touched the stuff One of his staff officers got the impression that he was half a dozen men condensed into one, while a journalist, finding him puzzling in the extreme because he seemed to amount to a good deal than the sum of all his parts, came up with the word unpronounceable as the one that described him best.This thumbnail sketch of General Phillip Sheridan at Murfeesboro tickled me As pugnacious here as he had been at Perryville, where he first attracted general attention, the bandy legged, bullet headed Ohioan was determined to yield no ground except under direct pressure, and only then when that pressure buckled his knees.Foote s portrayal of the poor performance of William Rosecrans, who commanded the Army of Cumberland in its disastrous defeat at Chickamauga, finds voice in Lincoln s comment to his secretary that ever since then he had been acting confused and stunned, like a duck hit on the head A report on the general from a journalist serving as the administration s secret observer in the field had me laughing out loud I have never seen a public man possessing talent with less administrative power, less clearness and steadiness in difficulty, and greater practical incapacity than General Rosecrans He has inventive fertility and knowledge, but he has no strength of will and no concentration of purpose His imbecility appears to be contagious.By the time you finish this book, you will certainly have a better appreciation of one of America s greatest failures as a nation, the sacrifices that were made to solidify its paradoxical strength as a union of independent states, and the lingering balance of pride and shame that still persists in the South, where you still see hear the war referred to as the War of Northern Aggression and widespread display of the Confederate flag.

  2. says:

    I took me three months to read the almost one thousand pages of The Civil War, Vol 2 Fredericksburg to Meridian, the second volume in Shelby Foote s trilogy It was a great read considering all the battles minutely analyzed, and the many actors depicted and portrayed Foote s marvelous narrative made this reading a real enjoyment As in the first book, here Foote once again presents a detailed analyses of the political climate both in the North and the South, discusses the difficulties and challenges of Lincoln and Davies and how both leaders were able to deal with their respective roles as Commander in Chief.The first volume ended after the bloodbath of Antietam in the fall of 1862 This one takes up with events following the removal of the American commander, George McClellan, and his replacement by General Burnside in time to start off with the December 1862 s Fredricksburg and ending in the spring of 1864, with Grant taking command of the entire Union Army.The beginning for me might have been slow, but from the moment Foote starts to discuss two of the most decisive Union victories, Gettysburg and Vicksburg, I could not stop reading I went straight to the end practically without stopping and merely breathing That s should be enough to tell you how much it enthralled me The other major battle discussed was Chickamauga, a Southern victory which ruined the careers of two generals, Rosecrans and Bragg, and ended with Grant victorious at Chattanooga Foote continues to use his great narrative style to full effect here Early on when we read about Lincoln search for a commander for the Army of the Potomac Scott and McDowell, Pope and McClellan, and now Burnside none of these was the killer he was seeking Already he saw that this search was perhaps the major problem All else while, like Blondin, Lincoln threaded his way, burdened by untold treasures was, in a sense, a biding of time until the unknown killer could be found Somewhere he existed, and somewhere he would find him, this unidentified general who could face the grim arithmetic being scrawled in blood across these critical, tragic pages of the nation s history It is a masterful book, with the concomitant analyses of developments occurring simultaneously in different theaters, both East and West For the reader, it means not only a better organized telling, but also a real understanding of what it was like for actual actors military, politicians and civilians to live through this nightmare.Thus, the reader will be reading about Grant s trials and tribulations in finding a way to attack the formidable Confederate defenses position of Vicksburg, Mississippi while reading concomitantly about the contemporary conflicts between the Federal Army of the Potomac and Rebel Army of Northern Virginia as they fought at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg in May and July of the same year.For the first time, the Union started to produce the victories that start to point out to a possible end of the war The taking of Vicksburg was a great victory for Grant, while at Gettysburg, Lee was defeated by the newly appointed General Meade, after Lincoln had already gone through over a handful of generals But the outcome of Gettysburg was basically the result of Lee s mistake of attacking entrenched Union forces Lee had gambled the chance of winning the day and the war in one sweep the southern generals realization that the South could not hope to actually win the war unless he gained a major battle against the North seemed to have forced his hand The true total of Lee s losses in Pennsylvania could hardly have been less than 25,000 and quite possibly was far heavier 28,063 was the figure computed by one meticulous student of such grisly matters, in which case the butcher s bill for Gettysburg, blue and gray together, exceeded 50,000 men This was than Shiloh and Sharpsburg combined, with Ball s Bluff and Belmont thrown in for good measure With Lee defeated, however, Meade failed to follow Lee s army in retreat and destroy it Once , a commander of the Army of the Potomac showed an acute lack of aggressiveness that until then proved to be one of the Union s major shortcomings.Later we read about the fighting in the West, with the Federal capture of Chattanooga followed by the battles of Chickamauga Creek and Missionary Ridge in Tennessee and Northern Georgia This is just a sample of how much Foote is able to handle at any given time With the first loss by the Union, where Bragg defeated Rosecrans, Lincoln places Grant as the commander of the Union s Western Army Thus, the South s momentum is broken Grant once again showed the aggressiveness that was lacking in the East, by attacking Bragg s position in the ridge and liberating the besieged Chattanooga Foote ends this installment with Lincoln s decision to bring Grant to the East to command all the Union forces as the General In Chief Lincoln, after going through with seven generals that proved not aggressive enough, had finally found his killer, the man to win the war Yonder began the campaign, Sherman was to say a quarter century later, standing before the hotel on the occasion of a visit to the Ohio city He was to go for Lee and I was to go for Joe Johnston That was his plan Highly recommended

  3. says:

    Highest recommendation One of the great reading experiences of my life.I m finding, at least for me, that taking a General Grant like approach to this series of huge books setting a blistering pace and taking it head on and fast suits me than doing it with the slows, a la McClellan, Burnside, Hooker and Bragg, that is, falling back into a slow, defensive like posture It s now or never, I say, so let s drive on to conquest.This gargantuan book has been with me all day long, every day, consuming my days for the last week just as with Volume 1 the week before on my desktop to read when I can and the rest of the time in my ear voiced with authority by the incomparable Grover Gardner on the library s Playaway Mp3 player when I m out and about and doing my work and business This is the secret to getting a massive book done in record time, and, if you re self employed, you can If not, obviously, you can t.The upshot is this Volume 2 which at 1,000 pages is even longer than the first book improves greatly on the first Foote s writing has hit its stride, the contextual issues of the war and the variety of incident political, social, and military have all been broadened and the sense of scope magnified The book covers the titanic year of 1863 vintage of the great battles of the war Gettysburg, Chancellorsville, Vicksburg, etc And then there are the ancillary adventurers, characters like Grierson, Morgan and Quantrill who pulled off daring and often brutal raids deep into enemy territory adventures so rich and eventful that they merit books all unto themselves The sense of being there is so palpable that you feel like you re in the rooms with Grant and Sherman as they share cigars and strategy with Lincoln as he pores over the words for the Gettysburg address or devises maneuvers he constantly had to to outwit recalcitrant generals or political rivals The Emancipation Proclamation and the significance of its meaning come to bear, as does the growing importance of the economic imbalances on the combatants, the looming influences of foreign powers on the conflict, and so much .In short, this is Foote s masterpiece one of the finest things I ve ever read, and quite honestly I d like to start all over, right now, and read it again It s that good kr eg 19

  4. says:

    As we finished the second volume in this trilogy on the Civil War I wondered who what I am most amazed by the War in all its many complexities which tore our nation apart, the man who wrote this book over 50 years ago when he was still in his 40s, or the incredible people north and south who fought, struggled, suffered and died for so many different reasons The author, Shelby Foote, who died in 2005, believed that this war was central to us as Americans As my husband and I listened to this book we could see so many issues states rights v federal control presidential power during national emergencies honest v corrupt media suspension of habeas corpus to name just a few which are as relevant today as they were then.There are those who claim Mr Foote as a southerner wrote his narrative with a southern bias That might be, I m not enough of a historian to comment on the accuracy of his book However, if that was his objective, after having listened to the first two volumes twice now and the third once, he has not managed to convince me of the southern cause Rather I still see the war from a perspective of an American who deeply loves all of her country black, white, north, south, male, female, etc., which is how it seems to me the author has presented the story, from the perspective of whoever he was writing about at the time and or the on scene observer His objectivity in telling this story is only compromised by his humanity and empathy I can forgive him that.There are so many things about this book which I like it s narrative flow, detailed descriptions of the times and people, humorous anecdotes, comparisons between north and south, Lincoln and Davis, Grant and Lee, etc Foote is not afraid to point out character flaws such as Generals Bragg and McClellan or where commonly held opinions Grant being an alcoholic are not substantiated by the available evidence Excellent Can t wait to start the third volume although I know it will be hard to get through because of all the tragedies.

  5. says:

    When I started Vol 1, I said I wanted books that took up years of my life The first one didn t quite it took less than three months but now the second one has filled that bill And I couldn t ask for a better one to take up that time.

  6. says:

    Shelby Foote continues to use his great narrative style to full effect in this, his second in the series of Civil War histories This volume mostly covers the events of 1863, although the books in this series are not designed to start and stop according to precisely equivalent calendar time frames Volume I ended after the bloodbath of Antietam Sharpsburg in the fall of 1862 Volume II takes up with events following the removal of the American commander, George McClellan, and replacement by General Burnside in time to start off with the December 1862 charnel house of Fredricksburg and continues with all of the major, and minor, conflicts of 1863, ending in the spring of 1864, when General Ulysses Grant had taken over command of all of the Union s Armies Foote does probably the best job any historian accomplishes in the way of describing the developments occurring simultaneously in different theaters Thus, he will describe Grant s trials and tribulations in finding a way to attack the formidable Confederate defenses preventing the full navigation of the Mississippi River, at Vicksburg, Mississippi while Grant was commander of the Federal Army of Tennessee and segue into the contemporary conflicts between the Federal Army of the Potomac and Rebel Army of Northern Virginia as they fought at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg in May and July of the same year Both during and after these events, there were naval, army, and combined actions along the southern coastline, including the Federal attempts to capture Charleston the Federal attempts to invade and occupy at least a section of Texas, in order to block any attempt by Mexico s French Maximillian from forming an alliance with the Confederacy and the Federal capture of Chattanooga followed by the battles of Chickamauga Creek and Missionary Ridge in Tennessee and Northern Georgia This is just a sample of what Foote is able to juggle at any given time The service he does to the reader is to give an organized, highly digestible account of dozens of instances of what would have been, contemporaneously, continuing news, good and disastrous, to the civilians and government officials on both sides as they tried to live through this national nightmare.There have been newer accounts of these events over the decades since the publication of this book, but I doubt anyone would have given a enjoyable description than Foote, in his unique narrative style It s not that any historical details have been missed, or controversies avoided The Vicksburg and Gettysburg sections of the book, in particular, are described in major, incisive detail.One point of contention which will perhaps always be debated is the effect of U.S Grant s drinking on his behavior Bruce Catton had earlier done a masterful job of exorcising the ghost of alcoholism on Grant s behavior during the Civil War, but Foote is not as charitable One difference between the two derives from an eyewitness account from a newspaperman named Cadwallader who traveled with him on a two day trip up the Yazoo and claimed to have seen the General repeating his pre war drunken behavior Trouble was, this account didn t get reported until Cadwallader wrote his memoirs thirty years later Nevertheless, Foote places credence in this report.A continuing source of enjoyment is Foote s usage of the nicknames of the opposing Generals instead of constantly using General this and General that Thus, we become familiar with Old Rosy William Rosencrans Old Jack , or, as history now records, Stonewall Thomas Johathan Jackson Fighting Joe Hooker Earl Buck Van Dorn Old Brains Henry W Halleck Little Powell A.P Hill William F Baldy Smith, and so on.Using a lighthearted technique like this is welcome in a story that was becoming increasingly grim, not just because of the mounting death count, important as that was, but because the mood of both countries, North and South, was worsening Foote keeps us aware that there were two Presidents, living in two White Houses, who were growing increasingly despondent and anxious daily Both were hands on managers of their armed forces Each had to face growing public discontent and severe criticism from their political enemies while personally bearing the heavy burden of constant military reverses many times caused by generals who used bad judgement or lost their competitive edge when confronted with the stress of battle Thus Lincoln grew increasingly anxious while needing to relieve, in this volume alone, Burnside, Hooker and Meade from the main Union army, and Rosencrans from command of the Army of the Cumberland while Jeff Davis, luckily holding his trump card in the brilliant Robert E Lee, had to suffer through Lee s Pennsylvania invasion debacle while wincing at the subpar performance of such important generals as Pemberton, Johnston and Bragg.Foote masterfully uses irony at times to describe the war s often hideous results He relates the Federal attempt to storm Battery Wagner on Morris Island in Charlston Harbor This is the battle when the Federal forces were led into the fight by the all Black Massachusetts regiment portrayed in the wonderful film Glory The regiment, as Foote tells the story, was led by officers who were white Boston bluebloods In an hour, it was nearly wiped out, with the attackers taking over fifteen hundred casualties, including the Massachusetts regiment s commander, Robert Gould Shaw Nothing was gained from this costly attack As Foote reports, Shaw s mother had earlier cried for the good fortune that God had bestowed on her, as she pridefully witnessed her boy leading the regiment off to war at its grand farewell review in Boston Within seven weeks, as Foote states, it developed that God had not been so good to her after all, unless what she wanted in place of her son was a fine bronze statue on the Common p 697.The Northern forces were not the only ones to feel the sting of Foote s irony He tells of the two quarreling Confederate calvary brigadiers who, believe it or not, engaged in a personal duel while fighting off the enemy in Arkansas in September This was not a verbal duel it was pistols at ten paces to fire As Foote relates the death of General Walker to the gun of General Marmaduke, following this archaic code satisfied the conditions of honor..which, presumably, was one of those things the South was fighting to preserve as part of its way of life presently, after a period of intense suffering by the loser, the Confederacy had one general less than it had had when the two men took position, ten paces apart pp 706 707.The reader is made aware, as the book unfolds, of a trend toward a hardening on both sides to the suffering of opposing soldiers and civilians The swapping of each others prisoners, and releases of captured forces on parole the release of groups of prisoners with the promise that they would return home and not participate in war again until the passage of a specified time were giving way to the placing of war prisoners into crowded prisoner of war camps the well publicised refusal of General Grant to accept surrender terms and to demand unconditional surrender at Fort Donelson in 1862, and at Vicksburg in 1863, put an end to the formerly chivalrous sword surrendering niceties between opposing commanding officers at the end of battles the initial burst of patriotic fervor for the war had long since dissolved, leaving both sides with the necessity of running a military draft to replenish the losses due to battle casualties and the expiration of enlistments, with riots occurring in certain Northern cities rioting was especially ugly in New York City.A practice developed by Grant and his chief lieutenant, General William T Sherman, would significantly add to this gloomy picture Grant had rediscovered the technique of Cortez and Winfield Scott in their prior conquests of Mexico This consisted of living off the land of the enemies citizenry instead of relying on endless delays caused by the need to build transportation networks to supply the invading force He showed Sherman how effective this worked while they conducted their campaign in Mississippi in the spring of 1863 Later in the year, Sherman demonstrated his mastery of the methods designed to keep an invading army moving He led an invasion force from Vicksburg, across Mississippi, with the intention of invading Selma, Alabama Problems prevented him from reaching his final objective, causing him to turn back at Meridian, Mississippi During the course of the campaign, however, his army destroyed Meridian and also burned out Jackson, Mississippi, for the third time that year His army returned to Vicksburg by a different route in order to keep the army from foraging where they already laid waste to the country Sherman, quoting vigorous war means universal destruction p 937 , destroyed railroads for miles in every direction, burning out and spoiling all farms and industrial infrastructure they passed The civilian victims in this state were said to be left with the stunned look of disaster survivors, while Sherman boasted of having created a fifty mile wide belt of destruction across Mississippi Grant and Sherman were at this time February March, 1864 planning on invading Georgia, using these techniques.The stage was therefore set for the destruction which would be unleashed on the South in 1864 65 The Union army was ready to march Politically, the leaders on both sides were committed to fighting to the end Any possibility that existed previously for a truce or for foreign powers, namely Britain and France, to force an arbitrated peace, were long gone Too many lives had been lost by this time to stop the war short of total victory Those who Foote calls the Jacobins in the North would have Lincoln s head if he showed restraint now, and they were already agitating for imposition of harsh rule for the eleven rebellious states when the war ended Their plan was for the Southern states to be placed under military governors answerable directly to the President Lincoln, in order to dispel some of their influence while he used his dwindling energies to run the war, issued a tentative Reconstruction Proclamation as part of his year end message to Congress He proposed to offer amnesty to Southerners who would, after the war, take an oath of loyalty to the federal government and support the Emancipation Proclamation Each rebellious state would be admitted back into the Union when one tenth of the state s 1860 voters had taken the oath.Not only did news of this Proclamation not soften hearts in the rebellious states, but it led to a firestorm of condemnation Lincoln s Southern critics had reminded their citizenry that this President had earlier fired General Fremont, commander of the occupying Union forces in Missouri, for declaring that state s slaves emancipated without consultation with his superiors or with the White House, where Lincoln was holding off on issuing his Emancipation Proclamation at the time Worse yet, Lincoln had described Fremont s methods of military proclamation to be tantamount to setting up a military dictatorship in the conquered state, exactly what he was accused of proposing in December, 1863 actually, he was offering amnesty to the conquered peoples and proposing certain reconstruction guidelines designed to restore the Union Lincoln s Southern newspaper detractors took instant, violent offense to the notion that they should ask forgiveness for anything The Confederate forces would continue to be urged to fight to their last drop of blood.

  7. says:

    Ever since I first came across the works of Bruce Catton in my teens, I have been an aficionado of the American Civil War So much concentrated slaughter among peoples who resembled one another so much Also, so many lessons to be learned about the arts of leadership, and what happens when they are lacking as in all but the last general in charge of the Army of the Potomac This is the second volume of three of historian Shelby Foote s The Civil War A Narrative Nestled away in the Bibliographical Note section at the end is this revealing quote As for method, it may explain much for me to state that my favorite historian is Tacitus, who dealt mainly with high placed scoundrels, but that the finest compliment I ever heard paid a historian was rendered by Thomas Hobbes in the forward to his translation of The Peloponnesian War, in which he referred to Thucydides as one who, though he never digress to read a Lecture, Moral or Political, upon his own Text, nor enter into men s hearts, further than the Actions themselves evidently guide himfilleth his Narrations with that choice of matter, and ordereth them with that Judgement, and with such perspicuity and efficacy expresseth himself that as Plutarch saith he maketh his Auditor a Spectator For he setteth his Reader in the Assemblies of the People, and in their Senates, at their debating in the Streets, at their Seditions and in the Field, at their Battels There indeed is something worth aiming at, however far short of attainment we fall.I don t think Foote falls far short at all In Periclean Athens, there was not much first hand information upon which the historian could rely, whereas the Civil War is one of the most written about episodes in all of world history In addition to making his information vivid, Foote has to wade through terabytes of minutiae to find interesting episodes One example Nathan Bedford Forrest, encountering one of his men in headlong retreat, stopping him in his tracks, pulling down his trousers, and administering a savage spanking with a brush to motivate him to reconsider, which he did.The period covered by the volume is calendar year 1863, in which two of the most decisive Union victories took place Gettysburg and Vicksburg right around the 4th of July The other major battle discussed was Chickamauga, a Southern victory which ruined the careers of both generals, Rosecrans and Bragg, and which could have gone either way if a third of the Union line had not panicked and run There is also a brief look ahead to the spring of 1864, when U.S Grant was named a Lieutenant General and appointed to the Army of the Potomac.This 966 page book seems sorter than its weight would imply That is due to Foote In fact, this volume is so good that two extracts have been separately published as books The Stars in Their Courses about Gettysburg and The Beleaguered City about Vicksburg, both of which are excellent reads in their own right.

  8. says:

    Finally finished this it is a great read but so thorough that it is quite an undertaking especially when at times you can t put it down and it is late at night and you have hundreds of pages to go.The parts about the main protagonists Lincoln, Lee, Jackson, Grant and Sherman especially plus the lesser known Nathan Bedford Forrest and the major battles Gettysburg, Vicksburg, etc are fascinating These three books are about every battle and everything that happened though so there are some minor battles and minor characters that are of a slog to get through That is why I am not giving this 5 stars although the majority of the book is 5 star standard.I might take a short break and read something else before the final instalment as this has taken me almost a month to read which is unprecedented for me But I m definitely going to read it soon This series has turned me from someone who knew almost nothing about the American Civil War to a real enthusiast and I feel pretty well informed now Still think that Stonewall Jackson s death at Chancellorsville ironically after being mistakenly shot by his own troops was the turning point where it all started going wrong for the South as I did when I read Rebel Yell The Violence, Passion, and Redemption of Stonewall Jackson which set me off on this journey to find out about the Civil War.A big commitment but well worth the effort and something that everyone should try and read sometime.

  9. says:

    Volume 2 takes us up to the point where Grant is made lieutenant general in charge of the entire Army By this time, the North s superior resources are beginning to take their toll on the South.As with volume 1, volume 2 is primarily concerned with troop movement and battles One criticism I have of both volumes 1 and 2 is the lack of dates There are PLENTY of dates during the description of the multi day battle at Gettysburg, but dates again disappear thereafter Interestingly enough, the section on Gettysburg mentions Joshua Chamberlain just once, as an aside One thing that becomes crystal clear after reading volumes 1 and 2 is that both sides had their problems with generals, so it wasn t just McClellan, as cursory histories might lead one to believe Volume 2 also deals with the stories of Grant s drinking Although he briefly alludes to the point of view that Grant did not have such a problem, the author comes down on the side of those who believe he did, but only when he was bored and his wife was not there In what may be thought of as prescience with respect to Grant s presidency, Sherman believed that his friend Grant, due to his naivete, would not be able to avoid being suckered by the cons of Washington DC.

  10. says:

    Like the 1st volume, Shelby Foote s 2nd of 3 volume of his massive The Civil War A Narrative series is nearly 1000 pages countless details These books are a truly amazing accomplishment Foote has the gift of elegant writing, which makes it considerably easier to make it through such a vast series If you want to dedicate a few months.or years.to learning about the Civil War, these books will do the job If you only want to know this gist, I wouldn t go with any of these However, the Gettysburg section would be a good read for anyone.

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